People go on trips to get new impressions and recharge their energy, but sometimes things do not go according to plan, and a person has mental problems.
Many may find it false information that travel can bring not positive emotions, but psychological disorders. In fact, this is a reality, and all new cases are regularly recorded. Do not you understand that dangerous can be in travel? Then prepare to be surprised, because this you just did not expect.
1. The Jerusalem Syndrome
The problem that can arise for tourists visiting the capital of Israel, has no connection with religion. It is connected with the fact that a person who travels to holy places can begin to imagine himself as a biblical hero. There are real cases when people for inexplicable reasons begin to speak prophecies, arrange strange scenes, and their behavior becomes inadequate.
Signs of the Jerusalem syndrome include:
- intrusive pedantry;
- citation of religious texts and so on.
In such situations, hospitalization may be necessary, so that a person copes with psychosis. The Jerusalem syndrome takes place a few weeks after the person returns home.
2. Cultural shock
A frustration familiar to many people who first visited abroad, and received vivid and new impressions. Especially it concerns people from the remote places. The negative aspects of cultural shock include the emergence of panic and the desire to escape from the world around us.
Psychologists distinguish several stages of cultural shock:
- At the first stage, a person experiences tremendous happiness and enthusiasm for everything new that he sees around him. I want to visit as many sights, try new food and so on. In most cases, this stage lasts up to two weeks.
- After some time, when some adaptation has already occurred, the tourist begins to focus on things that can cause irritation. This includes the language threshold, problems with understanding the transport interchange and so on. Many are not ready to put up with such emotions, so they decide to end this journey.
- If a person does not succumb to a wave of negative emotions, then at the next stage, reconciliation and adaptation await him.
3. Stendhal's Syndrome
This mental disorder can occur in a person in any country, in different situations, whether it is visiting the museum, walking on the street, meeting with something unusual or beautiful. A large number of positive impressions cause a person to overflow positive emotions, which in the end can drive him crazy. The greatest number of cases of the syndrome of Stendhal is recorded in the museums of Florence.
The main features of the problem include:
Interestingly, psychologists believe that residents of North America and Asia have some kind of immunity to this problem, since art in their country is also developed at a high level.
4. A new life abroad
To understand the meaning of this mental disorder, it is worth remembering how some tourists behave in Turkey, about which even legends go. There are "instances" that do not depart from the bar, swear with the attendants and behave immorally and inadequately. This, of course, depends on the culture of upbringing, but psychologists also associate it with the stress that arises from getting a tourist into an unfamiliar environment for him. A person may think that everything around him is not real and you can behave as you like.
5. The Paris syndrome
After watching the video and photo or reading information about this or that country, a person has a certain idea about it. What do many associate Paris with? Beautiful streets, Eiffel Tower, sophisticated girls, nice music and the like. At the same time, there is a huge amount of evidence from people who, after arriving in the French capital, were disappointed in reality.
Signs of the Paris syndrome include:
- a feeling of disappointment;
- a sense of loss of connection with reality;
- causeless aggression;
Interestingly, most often the Parisian syndrome manifests itself in the Japanese, and this is associated with too obvious differences in culture. Many residents of Japan, after visiting Paris, turn to psychologists to undergo a course of rehabilitation.
6. The problem of lovers of mountains
For many people, the best place to relax is mountains, but in such places the body needs time for adaptation, which can be accompanied by unpleasant symptoms, for example, fatigue, dehydration, oxygen starvation and mental disorders. For example, you can bring climbers who often tell stories about how during the next ascension, they had a fictitious friend (at that time he seemed quite a real companion) with whom they talk and even share food.
There are people who do not like to plan anything, so they travel spontaneously. It is appropriate to recall a term such as dromomania - an impulsive attraction to changing places. It is used against people who constantly have a desire to escape from home.
The attributes of dromomania include:
- indifference to duties;
- desire to get new impressions.
Going on a trip, people with this problem calm down and even realize that their impulsive decisions are not always justified and normal. In psychology, cases of severe form of dromomania are recorded, in which a person wanders for a long time, not realizing why he is doing it.
8. Reverse cultural shock
One of the most common mental disorders of tourists occurs after they return home after a trip. A person begins to more critically evaluate his country, feels disappointed and depressed. At such times, you want to move, the routine is felt more sharply, even the small flaws in the place where they are, and so on are visible. After a while, as in the case of cultural shock, the reverse adaptation takes place.