The African cleavage, care at home for which is simple, is beautiful not only during flowering, as the plant has shiny dark green leaves that look very decorative. Exotic flower is often called hippeastrum or amaryllis.
Clivia - care and growing at home
The plant belongs to the genus of evergreen herbaceous perennial cultures of the Amaryllis family. In nature, it grows exclusively in South Africa, but it is easy to get used to domestic conditions. To understand how to care for the cleavage, you first need to understand that its roots and leaves are toxic: they contain licorin, causing strong salivation and bouts of nausea, so the flower should be protected from children and pets. Otherwise, the cultivation of amaryllis suggests:
- correct lighting;
- regular watering;
- soil enrichment with suitable fertilizers.
How to water a clitoris?
Hyppeastrum requires a moderate amount of fluid, because its roots perfectly retain moisture. If the cleavage during flowering in watering is extremely rare, then the rest of the time it should be watered at least 1 time in 1.5 weeks. For this purpose, you can use soft water. Experienced growers try not to allow the accumulation of water in the pallet - the roots of the culture are already subject to rotting. In winter, instead of a watering can, it is allowed to use a sprayer that moistens both shoots and the top layer of the soil.
Clevia - transplant
Transfer it to a new place of residence can be in extreme cases - only if the roots begin to climb out of the pot. Clavia transplantation at home is not more often than once in 2-3 years - while it is transferred to a more spacious capacity, but not vice versa. It is important to observe during the transplant two basic conditions:
- The fractured parts of the roots must be sprinkled with crushed charcoal so that they do not die out.
- At the bottom of the pot you need to fill in the drainage layer - expanded clay, vermiculite, gravel or brick crumb. It is important for ensuring the outflow of water and saturation of the soil with oxygen in the process of caring for the crop.
A too acidic land is the worst option for growing this flower. The Ph-level of the land should be no more than 6 units, the soil for the clavia transplant is 4. The soil mixture includes leaf turf, peat and humus, and if it is prepared for a young plant, it is possible to add coarse sand. Before the amaryllis is planted, nitroammophosco is added to it, adhering to a dosage of 10 g per 1 kg of substrate.
Which pot needs a cleavage?
Hippeastrum has an important feature: if the container in which it grows is too large for it, the formation of the peduncle is impaired. Fragility of the roots, playing the role of a reservoir for water, prevents frequent changes in the habitat of the flower, so the pot for the Cleavia should correspond to such parameters as:
- Suitable size . The capacity should be so small that the plant can hardly fit, but it should not experience a tight cramp.
- Breathable material . A pot of plastic prevents even drying of moisture and eliminates the use of drainage, therefore, ceramics are preferred.
Klivia - reproduction at home
There are two ways of obtaining new shoots of amaryllis - generative and vegetative. It is difficult for beginners to understand how the cleavage multiplies at home through the branch of shoots, so the first option is optimal for them. Seeds of culture can be bought in the store or ask the owner of an adult plant. The further principle of leaving depends on the chosen technique:
- Seeds are soaked in water for a day, so that they swell, and then planted in the ground from peat and perlite. Preparations for seedlings are placed under a polyethylene film: the hothouse is daily aired for at least 10-15 minutes. When the first real leaf appears, the seedlings dive into separate pots.
- If the house already has an adult cleavage, care at home can be combined with the separation of the lateral shoot, which has already faded this year. He is transplanted into a pot 7 cm in diameter, filled with sand. A plant needs less watering than an adult hippeastrum.
Why does not the cleavage blossom?
The first buds appear only on reaching the age of 4-5 years. The flowering process begins in February, so it is important to ensure her peace for 1.5-2 months before the end of winter. All advice on how to make a cliven to blossom is reduced to the importance of artificial stimulation of this process. The pot must be transferred to a cool room, the number of watering and dressing should be reduced to a minimum. If the tying of buds did not happen, one of three reasons became one of the reasons:
- A close arrangement of the flower to the glass . It heats up and provides a warm winter hut, which should be avoided.
- Improperly selected soil composition . In the ground there should be no excess of nitrogen, as it promotes the active formation of the root system, but adversely affects the appearance of the peduncle.
- Untimely transplant . Home gippeastrum is considered fragile, so it is strictly forbidden to transplant it during the bud bandage.
Cleavia faded - what to do with the flower stem?
There are two points of view about how to deal with a branch on which plant buds have already begun to die. It is called the peduncle: on each of them can be up to 30 bright flowers. Recommendations for its removal vary, because:
- If the cleavage after flowering will not be deprived of the peduncle, then it will bear fruit. They can be used for reproduction, but the main shoot almost always perishes after such a serious load, no matter how good the subsequent care.
- Removing the peduncle will get new flowers as early as the next year. The dried branch is neatly cut off at the very base immediately after the petals fall off.
Cleavia - Diseases
If the maintenance of the plant is partially not respected, it becomes susceptible to infections and pests. On the appearance of problems can be guessed by the deterioration of the appearance of the leaves, the lack of flowers or the appearance of stains on the stem. Care for the clinic at home should include the timely suppression of the onset of the disease, which must first be properly diagnosed:
- The leaves turn yellow . Such a color change signals a fungal disease - staggering disease. When examining the rhizome, you can identify the presence of red marks on it.
- The tips of shoots change their color . White or yellow spots do not indicate that the clinic is overcome by diseases and pests - this is a direct indication that the flower in care lacks the level of humidity.
- Brown spots appear on the stem . This is how gray rot behaves: it resembles a fluffy coating, causing the processes of withering away in shoots growing at home.
- On the hippeastrum, there is a noticeable accumulation of "white cotton" . Under her masking mealybug , sucking leaves and slowing the development of culture.