The first "September 1" of your child is the day that he enters a new, unexplored world of knowledge and new duties, a day of acquaintance with teachers and peers. The heart stops anxiously in the chest, not only from the schoolboy, but also from his parents. They so want their kid to walk confidently along the school corridors, achieve success in training and in communication with classmates, evoke approval from teachers, and simply enjoy the process of studying at school.
In the first class take children aged 6-7 years. It is believed that by this age the child's readiness for school, if not fully formed, is close to the ideal. Nevertheless, many children who have reached the necessary age and have the necessary skills for the school, in practice, experience difficulties during their studies. Their psychological readiness for schooling is inadequate, therefore the reality in the form of "school everyday life" weighs such children.
The concept of psychological readiness for school
Socio-psychological readiness for school is a set of mental qualities that the child needs to successfully start school.
Psychologists who conducted a survey of pre-school children, note the difference in the perception of the fact that the upcoming school in children, ready and not ready for school psychologically.
Those children, who have already completed the formation of psychological readiness for school, mostly claimed that they were attracted by the very fact of their studies. To a lesser extent, they were attracted by the prospect of changing their position in society, owning special attributes of the schoolboy (briefcase, notebook, pencil case), finding new friends.
But the children, who were not psychologically ready, drew to themselves an iridescent picture of the future. They were attracted, first of all, by the opportunity to somehow change their lives for the better. They expected that they would certainly have excellent grades, a full class of friends, a young and beautiful teacher. Of course, such expectations were doomed to failure in the first few weeks of schooling. As a result, school weekdays turned for such children into routine and in the constant expectation of the weekend.
Components of psychological readiness for school
Let's list the criteria of psychological readiness for school. These include readiness:
- mental (cognitive);
First, the child should have such motives to go to school, as a desire to learn and a desire to become a schoolboy, that is, to take on a new social position. Attitude towards the school should be positive, but realistic.
Secondly, the child must have developed enough thinking, memory and other cognitive processes. Parents should deal with the child in order to give him the necessary knowledge and skills for the school (at least, up to 10 counts, reading by syllables).
Thirdly, the child must be able to voluntarily control his behavior consciously to achieve the goals set in the school. After all, at school he has to listen to the teacher in class, do homework, work according to the rule and pattern, and observe discipline.
Fourth, the child should be able to establish relationships with one-year students, work together on group assignments, recognize the authority of the teacher.
This is the general structure of psychological readiness for school. Timely determination of psychological preparedness for the child's school is the immediate task of the preschooler's parents. If the time to go to the first class is approaching, and your son or daughter, in your opinion, is not yet absolutely ready for this psychologically, you can try to help the child on your own or seek help from a psychology teacher.
To date, specialists offer specially designed programs of psychological readiness for school. In the process of attending their classes, children:
- learn to understand the educational task, take it;
- develop graphic and mathematical skills;
- improve the ability to generalize, classify and form concepts;
- develop figurative thinking and verbal mechanical memory;
- work on the ability to arbitrarily regulate activities in accordance with specified standards.