The general analysis of a blood - norm or rate

Most often, it is the general type of blood test that is prescribed to patients, as a preventive one. Women who were pregnant, know about this not by hearsay. After all, they had to take it many times. It's worth deciphering and getting acquainted with the norms of a general blood test.

The norm of the indicators of the general blood test

All the parameters of the general blood test, which are in line with the norm for women, can be summarized in the table:

Index Adult women
Hemoglobin 120-140 g / l
Hematocrit 34.3-46.6%
Erythrocytes 3.7-7.7x1012
The average volume of red blood cells 78-94 fl
The average hemoglobin content in erythrocytes 26-32 pg
Color metric 0.85-1.15
Reticulocytes 0.2-1.2%
Platelets 180-400x109
Thrombote 0.1-0.5%
ESR 2-15 mm / h
Leukocytes 4-9x109
Stool granulocytes 1-6%
Segmented granulocytes 47-72%
Eosinophils 0-5%
Basophils 0-1%
Lymphocytes 18-40%
Monocytes 2-9%
Metamyelocytes not found
Myelocytes not found

The norm of ESR in the general analysis of blood

ESR is an abbreviation, which in its full version sounds like "norm of erythrocyte sedimentation". This indicator is based on the count of the number of deposited red blood cells per unit time. For adult women, the norm is 2-15 mm / h. The increase in ESR is indicative of possible inflammatory processes that originate in the body. An exception may be the condition of a woman during pregnancy. In this case, an ESR of no more than 30 mm / h is allowed.

Clotting rate in a general blood test

This indicator shows how quickly blood clotting occurs in the clot. It is important to know for detecting blood pathologies and preventing unpleasant consequences of this for the patient. The rule is a period of time from two to five minutes. Pregnancy is one of the states of the body, in which you should pay special attention to the coagulability of the blood.

Platelet norm in the general blood test

The correspondence of platelets in the general blood test to the norm is very important, since these cells take a direct part in the process of blood coagulation. The norm of platelets for an adult woman is 180-400x109. However, during menstruation and during pregnancy, the platelet count is usually reduced. Increase this level can with active physical exertion.

The norm of leukocytes in the general analysis of blood

The norm of the content of leukocytes in the blood for an adult woman is 4-9x109. Abnormalities can be observed in inflammatory processes. A significant increase in the level of leukocytes may be a sign of leukemia. In case of a lowered level of leukocytes, we can talk about immunodeficiency, general exhaustion of the body, violation of the process of hematopoiesis. This indicator allows you to judge the presence and extent of infection in the body, the infection of parasites and allergic reactions.

The norm of lymphocytes in the general analysis of blood

The norm of lymphocytes in the general analysis of blood is 18-40%. Deviations in the larger side may indicate asthma, chronic radiation sickness, tuberculosis, drug dependence, recent removal of the spleen and other conditions of the body. If lymphocytes are lowered, then we can talk about the syndrome of acquired immunodeficiency, systemic lupus erythematosus , certain types of tuberculosis, the effect of ionizing radiation, etc.

These indicators are basic and allow you to judge yourself about your health. However, if you find abnormalities in your results, do not rush to write yourself into the ranks of patients, because minor deviations may be completely permissible under certain circumstances. In order to know for sure whether you are healthy, consult a doctor who can determine this.