Increasing the volume of menstrual discharge often becomes the reason for contacting a doctor. At the same time, there is a change in the character of the menstrual period - often blood comes out with clots. To correct a situation it is possible, using hemostatic preparations at plentiful monthly.
Abundant menstrual causes
Abundant menstruation is called monthly, during which more than 80 ml of blood is released (the norm is 50 ml). The woman has to change the sanitary napkin every 1-1.5 hours. The loss of more than 100 ml of blood per cycle is considered by doctors as very profuse monthly, the reasons of which may be as follows:
- Hormonal disbalance. Disbalance in the body of estrogens and gestagens often leads to increased blood loss. Often this disorder is observed in young girls - cycle failures within 1.5-2 years from the time of menarche doctors are considered as the norm. Imbalance is often due to the intake of hormonal drugs (contraceptives).
- Polyps of the cervix. When the disease in the external throat, outgrowths are formed, which, traumatizing, cause strong menstruation.
- Myoma of the uterus. Benign education, accompanied by an increase in the monthly volume.
- Diseases of the pelvic organs - infectious, inflammatory pathologies: endometriosis, endometritis, colpitis, salpingitis.
- The oncological process in the reproductive system. Neoplasms in the small pelvis often lead to a proliferation of endometrium, due to which the number of menstrual flow increases.
- Use of intrauterine contraceptives. Spirals disrupt the departure of the rejecting endometrium, therefore, the monthly becomes prolonged.
- Violation of the blood coagulation system. Failure of the folding process leads to an increase in excretion with monthly blood.
- Emotional stresses , disturbances, experiences, changes in climatic conditions can also affect the nature and extent of menstruation.
Abundant monthly - what to do?
Faced with such a situation, women are often in a state of confusion: what to do if many months, how to act - many do not. It is a mistake to hope that menstruation will normalize on its own, if the increase in the volume of secretions is observed for several consecutive cycles. The only solution is to consult a gynecologist and examine the body.
The diagnosis "menorrhagia" is exposed on the basis of complaints of the woman, signs of excessive loss of blood at monthly. At the beginning of the examination, the doctor excludes possible pathologies accompanied by similar symptoms (ectopic pregnancy). The vaginal cavity is examined for foreign bodies, a complete history is being made. If there are suspicions of pathology, the following are appointed:
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs ;
- biopsy of the cervix;
- diagnostic scraping of the endometrium ;
- general blood test, coagulogram;
- a blood test for oncomarkers.
How to reduce monthly discharge?
Talking about what helps from profuse menstruation, doctors always pay attention to the cause of the violation. Depending on the factor that provoked a change in the nature of menstruation, an individual therapy plan is selected. In most cases, the basis of treatment is hormonal drugs (for normalizing the hormonal background ). To reduce the amount of blood loss, to prevent the development of anemia, doctors prescribe special hemostatic drugs with abundant periods. The complex therapy also uses:
- drugs to reduce uterine myometrium;
- iron-containing products (prevention of anemia).
Cutting drugs for the uterus with copious monthly
To reduce the profuse monthly even before the cause is established, physicians often use funds that enhance the tone of the uterine myometrium. As a result of their use, the contractility of the fibers of the muscle layer increases, which provokes a rapid separation of the tearing endometrium during menstruation. Cutting, haemostatic drugs are used in cases of profuse and other disorders in gynecology and obstetrics:
- with weak labor activity;
- postpartum period;
- condition after an abortion.
The appointment of such drugs is done exclusively by doctors. They indicate the name of the product, dosage, multiplicity and duration of application. Among the commonly used drugs of this group can be identified:
Preparations of iron with abundant monthly
Iron-containing medicines for copious periods are used to prevent anemia. Large blood loss can result in an organism lowering the level of hemoglobin, which affects the overall well-being, the work of internal organs and systems. Fatigue, fatigue are the main signs of iron deficiency anemia, which requires medical correction.
Most iron-containing drugs are dispensed without a doctor's prescription. Often this microelement is present in the multivitamin complexes, the use of which eliminates the need for separate use of iron. Among drugs with high content it can be noted:
Hemostatic drugs with monthly
Hemostatic agents with prolonged menstruation help to reduce the amount of secretions. However, for the treatment of pathology, diagnostic measures are required with the establishment of a specific cause of menorrhagia. Doctors advise taking them for a short time, so as not to affect the work of the blood coagulation system. Assign haemostatic drugs always taking into account the factor that triggered the disorder.
Hemostatic drugs with abundant periods in men with endometriosis
Endometriosis is a gynecological disease accompanied by the growth of the inner layer of the uterus. The mucous membrane constantly increases in thickness due to abnormal growth of its cells. As a result, the menstrual cycle of the endometrium is greatly thickened. An increase in the monthly volume in this case is due to a greater number of rejected endometrial cells. In addition, the endometrium can germinate into neighboring organs. As a result - contact bleeding after sexual intercourse. To prevent them, appoint haemostatic medicines for menstruation:
Hemostatic drugs with copious monthly GW
Restoration of the cycle in the postpartum period is often accompanied by a violation of the volume and nature of menstruation. The first months after the birth of the baby the woman fixes in 1-2 months with artificial feeding and 4-6 months after breastfeeding. The speed of recovery depends on the characteristics of the birth, postpartum period, compliance with the conditions and recommendations of doctors.
Often, because of the unstable hormonal background in the postpartum period, women are fixed monthly and with GV. The selection of medicines in this case should be carried out exclusively by a doctor, since many drugs are prohibited for admission during breastfeeding. Once it is permissible to use the following hemostatic drugs with copious monthly (without prescriptions are released):
Hemostatic drugs with abundant periods with myoma
The volume of the monthly increases when the myoma has submucosal or intermuscular localization. The constant growth, the increase in the size of the neoplasm provokes the growth of the uterus. At the same time, the area of the endometrial layer increases, and, tearing away, increases the volume of the menstrual layer. Because of the growth of myoma, the vascular network of the uterus body deforms, the organ loses its elasticity. The uterine contractility also decreases. These changes in the aggregate provoke an increase in the volume of menstrual flow. The doctor appoints haemostatic drugs with copious periods.
At the initial stage of the pathology, symptomatic therapy is highly effective. A woman is prescribed hormonal drugs and a hemostatic drug with a plentiful monthly. Among such medications:
Hemostatic drugs with ample menstruation with menopause
The climacteric period is accompanied by irregular menstrual discharge. The amount of monthly is often increased. The fact is due to the presence of hormonal changes in the body. The synthesis of sex hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle and menstruation decreases, which leads to a deterioration in well-being (mood swings, heat attacks, increased blood pressure).
Hormonal medications with abundant periods in menopause often are supplemented with haemostatic agents. Accept them, according to the prescription of the doctor, observing the dosage, frequency and duration of administration. Among the drugs used by women:
- aminocaproic acid.
The best haemostatic agents
Hemostatic drugs with ample monthly should be prescribed by a doctor. Preliminary complex examination and precise determination of the cause of large blood loss is required. When choosing a medicine, the doctor takes into account several factors:
- the age of the patient;
- the presence of chronic diseases of the reproductive system;
- presence of concomitant pathologies.
The tablet form of drugs against long-term menstruals is used more often than others. This is due to the ease of dosing, ease of use, availability of drugs. Among the often used for prolonged menstruation - hemostatic Dicinon tablets. The remedy is used for haemorrhage (bleeding) of any origin.
The active ingredient is etamzilate - a substance that activates the formation of prothrombin. In addition, the substance strengthens the walls of the vessels, reducing their permeability. With pronounced profuse menstruation, the drug is taken three times a day for 2 tablets. Among the contraindications to the use of the medicinal product:
Hemostatic tablets Traneksam also used to stop heavy periods. They thicken the blood, while providing anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and antitumor effect. Take them according to the doctor's scheme. Among the contraindications:
- thrombosis of deep veins and vessels of the brain;
- kidney failure;
- subarachnoid hemorrhage;
- violation of color vision.
At constant abundant menstruation, hemostatic agents are administered in the form of injections. The solution is administered more often intravenously (drip or jet). Hemostatic drugs with copious monthly (injections) are selected in accordance with the severity of the disorder and taking into account the presence of pathologies and disorders. Among the means that stop bleeding, released in solution, we can distinguish:
- Vikasol ;
- medical gelatin;
- Protamine sulfate;
Among the agents in the form of suppositories used as stopping bleeding, it is necessary to note phytohemostatic suppositories (FGS). The drug is actively used in the treatment of hemorrhoids, but often doctors use this hemostatic drug in gynecology, with abundant periods. The remedy not only stops bleeding, but also strengthens the vessels, excludes inflammation. Apply candles according to the doctor's prescription, more often 1 suppository at night, injected into the anus.