All parents want to see their child happy and healthy, but, unfortunately, it is not always possible to warn him against various kinds of dangers. Children are much more active and vigorous than adults. Trying to release energy, they play around and play. Well, if such activity does not lead to various injuries and burns, but none of this is immune, and therefore all parents need to know how to act in this or that situation. In this article, we will consider this type of injury, like burns.
Types of burns in children
1. Chemical burns occur in children in contact with various kinds of chemicals (alkalis or acids). Such chemicals, as a rule, do not occur in everyday life. The main factor affecting the degree of burn, in this case is the type of chemical and the time of action. Burns obtained by contact with acid are less deep than alkaline, since a dense scab forms on the skin, protecting the deeper layers of the skin from contact with acid. Heals chemical burns long enough and leaves deep scars on the body. First aid for chemical burns in children:
- immediately remove the source of the burn;
- remove clothing from the place of chemical damage;
- wash for an hour with running water the affected area.
2. A sun (ray) burn in a child may be caused by direct sunlight for an extended period of time. First aid for sunburn in a child:
- take the child to a cool place;
- apply a compress to the burn;
- give the child more fluids;
- Lubricate the affected area with a special remedy or ointment from burns for children (eg panthenol or olaton);
- with a profuse lesion, you need to see a doctor.
3. Thermal burns in children are usually caused by contact with an open flame, a red-hot metal or melted fat. Burning baby with boiling water is one of the most common types of burns. Therefore, it is worth to be extremely attentive, when the child is in the kitchen at the time of cooking. First aid for thermal burns in children:
- remove the source of the burn;
- when hot water gets on your clothes, it must be removed immediately;
- If the clothes are stuck to the skin, do not tear them away, so as not to damage the burn place even more;
- cool the affected area by lowering it into cold water, or attach a packet of ice to it;
- do not lubricate the burn place !;
- give painkillers.
4. Contact of children with electrical appliances is the most common cause of electrical burns. Especially if these devices are faulty. The degree of damage with such burns depends on the magnitude of the current and voltage. This type of burns is considered to be the most dangerous, since at high current strength it is impossible to release the conductor on its own. First aid for
- electric burns in children:
- Do not touch the victim until the current source is disconnected, and try to disconnect it as quickly as possible;
- if the current source can not be quickly switched off, remove the victim from it by some object that does not conduct current;
- with a loss of consciousness, check the rhythm of the heart and breathing;
- call for an ambulance;
- lay the victim, watch his pulse and breathing;
- if necessary, to do indirect heart massage and artificial respiration;
- Remove the affected areas from clothing and cover with a sterile cloth.
Treatment of burns in children
With any kind of burns, the most rational solution is to consult a doctor, followed by observation and treatment. But if all the same the burn is insignificant and you decided to be treated at home, the main requirement will be a regular change of dressings, and if redness and pus appear, an immediate appeal to a specialist. The lack of timely treatment of burns in children can lead to dangerous consequences.