It has long been noted that the surrounding smells affect our state of health, mood, and have a curative effect. In this regard, there appeared a line of alternative medicine, such as aromatherapy, essential oils (the table with their list and the effect is given below) in which are the main medical tool.
What is aromatherapy?
The method of aromatherapy has been known since the 4th century BC, when technologies for pressing, heating and soaking plants containing odorous substances have already been used in the East. Essential oils are liquids with high biological activity, which contain terpenes, terpenoids, organic acids, alcohol esters, aromatic and other compounds. Unlike fatty oils, ethereal are light, volatile.
Active ingredients of oils are able to enter the body through respiratory system, skin, mucous membranes. In the interaction of oil components with hormones, enzymes and other substances produced in the body, chemical changes occur, and under the influence of ethers, different parts of the central nervous system are activated.
Aromatherapy at home is practiced by many women, but not everyone understands the intricacies of the use of oils and their proper selection. It should be borne in mind that the therapeutic properties are only natural essential oils extracted from different parts of plants, and not synthetic products that mimic the smell.
Aromatherapy - indications and contraindications
The use of aromatherapy should be not only correct, beneficial, but also safe. Therefore, it is impossible without thinking, without getting acquainted with the basic rules of using aromatic oils, to apply them for various purposes. Aromatherapy at home has a certain range of possibilities, and for this technique there are certain indications. There are many restrictions and prohibitions on the performance of aromatherapy, without taking into account which unwanted effects may come, harm to the body.
Aromatherapy - indications
Treatment with aromatherapy is carried out with the following main indications:
- infectious and catarrhal diseases;
- functional disorders in the work of various body systems (respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, excretory, endocrine and others);
- joint diseases;
- psychoemotional disorders;
- mental and physical stress, stress;
- immunodeficiency states;
- postoperative effects;
- dermatological pathologies;
- urological and gynecological pathologies;
- cosmetic imperfections of appearance.
Aromatherapy - contraindications
All essential oils have the following contraindications:
- acute febrile conditions caused by unclear causes;
- acute infectious and inflammatory diseases, accompanied by a temperature above 38 ° C;
- tendency to bleeding;
- blood diseases;
- oncological diseases;
- disorders of cerebral circulation;
- epileptic seizures;
- severe forms of nervous disorders;
- acute heart failure with rhythm disturbance;
- alcoholic or narcotic intoxication;
- the first trimester of pregnancy;
- intolerance to essential oil, manifested by itching, difficulty breathing, lacrimation, rashes, dizziness and other signs.
Aromatherapy - essential oils
Selecting this or that ether follows, clearly defining the problem for the solution of which the use of aromatherapy is planned, and the table with the properties of essential oils will help in this. It is important that the oil is liked by its aroma, it causes positive emotions. If the smell provokes unpleasant sensations, then this product should not be used. Therefore, even before buying it is recommended to smell the oils for aromatherapy.
Aromatherapy - properties of essential oils
Specialists who study and practice treatment by means of a technique such as aromatherapy, the properties of oils are tested by experiment. It is established that when contacting the skin and mucous membranes, irritation is caused, the blood flow increases. Through the pores, they are able to penetrate the bloodstream and spread to different organs. With internal application stimulates gastric secretion, the functioning of the pancreas, liver, thereby improving digestion.
Even with the stimulation of olfactory receptors, many oils are able to have an antispasmodic, diuretic effect, improve the production of milk in nursing mothers. Each oil has antiseptic properties to some extent. In some of them, this effect is predominant (for example, tea tree, aromatherapy with oil which is used for fighting pneumococci, staphylococcus, fungi and other pathogens).
Psychoemotional effects of oils are of particular importance in medicine.
- Some have a stimulating effect, activating the nervous system, mental processes.
- Others can have a relaxing effect, relieve neuropsychic stress (for example, lavender, aromatherapy with ether which improves sleep, relaxes).
- Many aroma oils exhibit an adaptogenic effect, which is necessary after the experienced stresses, changing climatic conditions, and the like.
How to choose aromatherapy oil?
To choose the best oils for aromatherapy should be individually, taking into account the existing problems and reactions of the body. Before use, it is recommended to test the product, applying it after dilution with water on the skin area inside the ulnar fold. Widespread use of oils of citrus, mint, ylang-ylang, coniferous trees. In some pathologies, oil combinations are used, but it is important that they do not have the opposite effects. It is established that coniferous, citrus and floral oils are combined among themselves in their subgroup.
Aromatherapy - table of oils
To facilitate the choice, if it is planned for any pathology of aromatherapy, essential oils (the table contains the most common ones), we will designate according to their preferential effects. In this case, we mean the inhalation effect of essential oils on the body, which, at home, is considered the safest. Aromatherapy - table of oils and their properties:
Action on the body
juniper, cypress, eucalyptus, tea tree, rosemary, thyme
pine, lemon, lavender, thyme, bergamot
rose, lavender, lemon balm, sandalwood, geranium, jasmine
mandarin, grapefruit, fir, mint, rosemary
patchouli, bergamot, mimosa, coriander, lavender
orange, cardamom, patchouli, sandalwood, rose
basil, vanilla, lemon balm, bigard, immortelle, chamomile
How to carry out aromatherapy?
Aromatic oils are often used for such procedures:
- inhalation ;
- sauna, sauna;
- enrichment of aromatic substances.
Inhalations can be performed using various devices for spraying oils in the air: an inhaler, an aroma lamp , an aromatherapy unit, an aromatherapy diffuser, and an air humidifier. Inhaling aroma oils in the room, you should use an average dosage - 5 drops per 15 m2 of the area, with the first session should last no more than a quarter of an hour. Gradually, this time can be increased to several hours.