Preparation for childbirth: what you need to know - breathing
Obstetricians advise women to start preparing for childbirth even during gestation. It consists directly in mastering certain techniques. Exercises are recommended for execution on a daily basis. It is possible to include them in the gym for pregnant women. In this case, the duration of the respiratory exercises themselves is no more than 10 minutes. Long sessions can cause hyperventilation of the lungs, which is fraught with dizziness and headache.
Such a process, as preparation for childbirth, whose breathing plays an important role, is very lengthy. Doctors draw the attention of women directly to the development of respiratory techniques, which greatly help in the period of the appearance of the baby. Conditionally they can be divided into 2 groups:
- inclusion of abdominal breathing, full breathing.
- increase in efficiency, economy.
The use of the first technique involves a purging exhalation, which should have a maximum amplitude. There is a tension in the muscles of the abdominal press, the stomach is drawn in and "grows" to the vertebral column. Then follows a slow, smooth relaxation. As a result, passive filling of the lower parts of the lungs and air is noted. To control the technique doctors recommend placing the palms on the area of the hypochondrium: exhalation - hands move under the ribs, inhale - leave forward.
After mastering the abdominal, they pass to full breathing. The beginning is the same, - a purging exhalation, which leads to the omission of the anterior wall of the peritoneum. When you inhale - located under the ribs of the palms of the hands are raised, the lower divisions of the respiratory system expand. Gradually there is an increase in the volume of averages. Subsequently, the clavicle is raised, which indicates the inclusion of the apex of the lungs in the process.
It is very important in this exercise to draw in the stomach, which serves as a support. Exhalation occurs in the reverse order. The last is the retraction of the muscles of the pelvic floor. After this, there is a pause, - the abdominal wall is released, after it - a new breath is produced. The use of such techniques involves taking air through your nose. The diaphragm should descend smoothly. Perform an exercise about 10 times a day, and you can do more.
Economical breathing is important in childbirth. In order to improve the efficiency of the respiratory process, the ratio of the duration of inspiration and expiration to the number of cardiac contractions that occur in these phases is necessary. Putting his thumb on the pulse in the area of the wrist, the woman counts how many strokes occur on inhaling and exhaling. Often the ratio is 1: 1, 1: 1.5, but it needs to be brought to 1: 2. As a result, by increasing the length of the exhalation phase, it is possible to breathe more efficiently. The development of such equipment takes about a week.
How to breathe correctly during labor?
Proper breathing during delivery is important. It not only helps the puerperas cope with painful sensations, reduce their intensity, but also prevents the onset of birth trauma. How to breathe properly during childbirth is told to pregnant women starting from the second half of gestation. In this case, a woman should strictly follow these recommendations, conduct the exercises independently at home, not only morally, but also physically preparing.
Breathing during fights
According to the physiology of the generic process, it begins immediately with the appearance of fights. At first they have a weak intensity and short duration. At this stage obstetricians recommend using slow technique - a smooth, gradual change of exhalation and inspiration, with an increase in the first. Air intake is made by nose, release - by mouth. Begin with a deep exhalation - relieves tension. Relaxation breathing is used in the intervals.
In order for a pregnant woman to understand how to breathe properly during labor, gynecologists on long terms repeatedly hold talks on this topic. Algorithms are being tested in practice. A woman can also train at home, alone. Knowing how to breathe during labor, the expectant mother will be able to reduce the soreness of this process. In this case, it is worth considering the following rule: the fights are longer and stronger, the more deep and slow the breathing should be.
Breathing at attempts
The second stage of labor requires maximum physical effort. Immediately at this time there is the appearance of a baby. In order for everything to go smoothly, each woman should know how to breathe properly when trying to do it:
- beginning of contraction of the uterus - a deep breath;
- the typed air is not exhaled, but as if swallowed;
- when there is a sense of lack of oxygen - a smooth, slow exhalation and repetition at first.
The swallowed volume of air pressurizes the diaphragm, which actually transfers the voltage to the bottom of the uterus. After exhalation, care must be taken to ensure that there is no interruption, short breaths, as the effectiveness decreases sharply, due to the movement of the diaphragm upwards. For 1 attempt, the duration of which is 1 minute, the woman should repeat 3 cycles of inspiration and expiration, while avoiding the load on the muscles of the pelvic floor - not pushing the head (obstetric term).
When the birth takes place, how to breathe properly and push the woman, explains the obstetrician. Due to the fact that the level of pain is so high, the mother can not always follow the recommendations and advice received. In view of such features, many doctors work with future mothers these exercises even before the delivery begins. Such training is not in vain.
Technique of breathing during labor and labor
It is worth noting that in certain periods of the generic process, breathing should be carried out in different ways. The technique of breathing during delivery is significantly different from that used in the first stage of the baby's appearance. Correct use of it helps to avoid:
- development of fetal hypoxia;
- prevent the occurrence of birth injuries;
- facilitate the process for the woman in childbirth;
- reduce pain on the body.
Technique of breathing during labor for pain relief
The full algorithm of actions during delivery is discussed with a pregnant woman during a visit to a gynecologist in the second half of pregnancy. In this case, the technique of breathing during labor is considered separately. Its main points are:
- first exhalation at the height of the bout;
- inhale through the nose, then use economical breathing - a calm intake of air, a prolonged, quiet exhalation;
- Relaxing breathing in the intervals between contractions.
Dog breath at delivery
Obstetricians advise to breathe like a dog at delivery to relieve pain with prolonged, frequent bouts. Begin with slow breathing, gradually bringing it up to 1-2 breaths per second. As a result, both phases have the same duration. The fence is conducted quietly, let out with a small sound. To moisture less evaporated from the mouth, - cover your palm. Periodically, rinse your mouth with water. At the end of the fight, they switch to economical breathing.
Breathing with a horse during childbirth
Because of painful sensations, there is a reflex compression and tension of the internal organs, which negatively affects the health of the fetus. Spasm of the vessels of the placenta leads to a decrease in the amount of oxygen that enters the baby. In addition, there is a decrease in it and in the bloodstream of the mother, which can adversely affect the opening of the cervix. Breathing a horse at this stage can correct the situation. This technique is implemented as follows:
- a deep breath through your nose;
- gradual, slow, smooth exhalation through the outstretched lips.
As a result, a woman can remove tension from the muscle fibers of the face, neck and lips. Gradually, the relaxation of the lower parts also occurs reflexively. Exercise helps to perfectly relax the uterine musculature, facilitates and accelerates the period of such an important moment as the opening of the neck. As a result, the first stage proceeds more quickly and is much easier for the future mother.