According to statistics, in recent years, the number of children of primary school and preschool age with impaired vision has increased sharply. As a rule, the cause of myopia or short-sightedness lies in the rapid development of teaching technologies. Constant tension of the child's visual system leads not only to visual impairment, but also to the progression of the disease. Therefore, it is so important to ensure timely treatment of myopia in children.
To avoid problems with children's nearsightedness, it is necessary to organize the child's time, competently dosing the visual load. First of all, it is necessary to limit the time for watching TV programs and communicating with a computer. A child should not be monitored for more than 40 minutes a day. Eye strain when looking at small details leads to lengthening of the eyeball and further defocusing of the image on the retina.
Sometimes the changes in the fundus become irreversible. What should I do to prevent myopia from developing? Observe preventive measures. It is easier to prevent the problem than to fight it.
How to stop and cure myopia in a child?
Treatment of nearsightedness in children is recommended to be carried out in a complex way, using accessible conservative techniques, special exercises for the eyes, and also, medicamentous means. One of the most common ways to improve myopia is wearing ordinary glasses. With a weak degree of myopathy, they are used for distance. Permanent wearing of glasses is shown only with myopia of high degree.
However, it is worth considering that wearing glasses does not apply to medical procedures. This is nothing more than a means of correction needed in the process of correcting disturbances in the visual system. With the rapid progress of myopia, it is possible to perform scleroplasty aimed at improving nutrition in the region of the posterior segments of the eyeball. However, the surgery serves as a support for conservative treatment, which must be continued in any case.
Often with progressive myopia, eye drops are prescribed. Their distinctive feature is the relaxation of the accommodative muscle, which is often prone to spasms when the vision is weakened. The problem is that in order to restore the normal functioning of the muscle, it needs to be adapted to a variety of vision regimes. And drops just exclude it from work. In addition, prolonged intake of eye drops, dilating the pupil, and a sharp discontinuation of reception can lead to the progression of myopia.
Vitamins with myopia play a positive role. But only real multivitamin complexes, allowed to use by the Russian pharmaceutical committee. These include such drugs as Undevit, Complivit or Revit. Numerous dietary supplements, according to the statement
Causes of nearsightedness in newborns
The most common causes of congenital myopia are genetic predisposition, prematurity or pathology of fetal development. But usually congenital myopia is expressed by sufficiently weak changes in the fundus.
Progression of congenital myopia is extremely rare. The violation of vision is stable. Nevertheless, it should be as soon as possible to begin treatment of children's myopia under the supervision of an ophthalmologist.