The menstrual cycle lasts from 21 to 35 days, during which a number of transformations occur in the body, caused by the action of hormones. The beginning of the cycle is the first day of menstrual bleeding, which normally should not exceed 7 days. Continue the cycle until the next menstruation. Each phase of the cycle comes under the influence of various hormones that provide the functionality of the reproductive system of women. For every woman, the duration of the whole cycle and the duration of menstruation are individual, and the main criterion of health is the regularity and absence of painful sensations. Any violations of the menstrual cycle in gynecology are considered as conditions requiring diagnosis and treatment. The causes of the menstrual cycle can be varied, ranging from stress and weakening of immunity and ending with serious diseases. In each case, the timely detection of abnormalities can prevent the development of serious diseases, for example, malignant tumors.
Causes of menstrual irregularities
Causes and treatment of violations of the menstrual cycle can be determined only by a specialist, based on a comprehensive survey. The most common causes of menstrual irregularity are inflammatory or infectious diseases of the genital organs, hormonal disorders, diseases of the nervous and endocrine system. Similarly, disturbances can be caused by external factors, stresses, changes in climatic conditions, overfatigue, sudden decrease or increase in body weight, intake of oral contraceptives. There are also functional disorders of the cycle, arising from age characteristics or a certain effect on the body. For example, after childbirth or abortion, surgical intervention, during the formation of the cycle of girls, as well as in the menopausal period in women. During such violations it is necessary to consult with the attending physician who will help to determine which violations are the norm and which ones require intervention.
Separately it is worth noting that the causes of violations of the menstrual cycle in girls may not be associated with the formation of the cycle. During the first two years after the onset of menarche (the first menstrual period), the menstrual cycle is only established, so various deviations are permissible. But after the cycle is established, violations are an occasion for a visit to the doctor. Also, the reason for the examination is too early or too late menarche, amenorrhea (absence of menstruation) to 16 years or after the onset of menarche.
For the diagnosis and treatment of menstrual irregularities it is necessary to study the history of the disease (anamnesis), general tests, hormonal studies, endometrial and genital examination. You may also need an examination of an endocrinologist, neurologist and even a cardiologist. In some cases, the causes of the violations are interrelated, and the main cause can not be established. For example, chronic tonsillitis can affect the reproductive system and cause inflammation of the ovaries, which in turn will affect the production of hormones, which will cause a cycle and affect the endocrine system. Even with a thorough examination, it is difficult to establish what became the root cause of the disorders, but nevertheless curing all existing diseases, it will be possible to prevent the further development of ovarian inflammation, the endocrine system, and, consequently, normalize the menstrual cycle. Treatment of menstrual disorders
Normalization of sleep, moderate exercise, combined with a full rest, exercise, walking outdoors, proper nutrition and vitamins in case of menstrual cycle disorders will contribute to the improvement of the whole organism and accelerate the recovery of the cycle.