Many seem logical that a complaint to a lump in the throat is most often useful to listen to an otolaryngologist - a doctor who deals with the treatment of diseases of the ears, throat and nose. But in fact, the reason for the sensation of a lump in the throat may go beyond the scope of otolaryngology, and in this case it is worth asking for help from an endocrinologist, a gastroenterologist or a neurologist.
Let's find out what are the causes of the lump in the throat - a real clot of mucus or sensation, without the presence of clusters in the nasopharynx.
Often, the causes of a lump of mucus in the throat are viral or bacterial untreated diseases carried on the legs. They lead to a disease like pharyngitis, which occurs during the period of the disease itself, and in some cases does not pass even after its termination.
If you feel a lump in your throat during a cold, this is normal, because the abundant mucus formation is characteristic of this disease. This is a unique response of the body to the invasion of viruses and bacteria.
But if acute manifestations of infection have long been over, and a lump in the throat has remained, it means that staphylococcus has not yet left the body, and therefore one needs to be cured.
The cause of the lump in the throat, accompanied by nausea, can be caused by bacteria or the body's reaction to mucus, but in some cases it can talk about disorders in the nervous system.
The causes of a feeling of a lump in the throat without the accumulation of mucus can talk about disorders in the nervous system, and often this is one of the symptoms of the IRR.
Especially often the lump in the throat is combined with nausea, dizziness and apathy. As a rule, it can be observed after stress or during a sharp change in weather conditions - many people suffering from the VSD can react differently to certain weather conditions. For example, some react to the increase in wind speed, others to a pressure drop, and third to a sharp temperature drop.
Sometimes the sensation of a lump in the throat can be accompanied by even heartburn and eructation, and this is a likely manifestation of VSD, and not violations in the digestive tract, as it may seem at first glance.
Despite the fact that with the VSD, a sensation of a lump in the throat, nausea, heartburn and eructation, the same symptoms may occur after eating poor-quality food. If the sensation of a lump in the throat arose after dinner, it is much more likely that the nerves are not involved, and you need to pay attention to the state of the digestive system.
The cause of the sensation of a lump in the throat may be the thyroid gland, namely the goiter . It can be nodular and diffuse.
The goiter is accompanied by a sensation of a constant lump in the throat and is the only cause of this sensation. In the pathology of growth, the thyroid gland increases in size, and this leads to the fact that it squeezes the internal organs, which leads to a similar sensation, despite the fact that there is no accumulation of mucus in the larynx.
Treatment of a symptom
Treatment of a lump in the throat depends on the causes that caused it:
- Pharyngitis. Irrigated tonsils are treated with bactericidal solutions, as well as rinsing and inhalation. In some cases, local antibiotic therapy is not enough, and therefore prescribe antibiotics in tablets.
- Nerves. With VSD, it is very important to support the nervous system with the help of vitamin B,
sedatives - valerians, motherwort, adapotol, and also to increase the adaptive capacity of the organism with the help of hardening and correct mode of the day.
- GIT. If the lump in the throat causes a disturbance in the digestion, take medication to eliminate the symptoms - with poor assimilation of food mesym, with nausea domstal.
- Thyroid. For sure, goiter can be called one of the most hard-to-remove causes of a lump in the throat. For treatment, an individual regimen based on hormone assays is needed. Goats of large size are subjected to surgery.