In this article, we will tell you how to teach a child to count well at home, and what is needed for the karapuse to master this skill in the shortest possible time.
How to teach a child to count to 20?
To develop logical thinking and, in particular, to teach a child an oral account is most reasonable from 2-2.5 years. Meanwhile, all children develop according to the individual scheme, so not all the youngsters by this age are ready to learn to count. Anyway, even before the child reaches 3 years old, he can be offered fun games that help to get and consolidate oral account skills.
Initially, the kid must master the numbers from 1 to 5. Walking with his child on the street, and also doing household chores, consider any objects loudly pronouncing a sequence of numbers located in this digital range. Pay attention to everything that can be counted - trees, cars, children on the site, books, toys and so on.
Be sure to take your son or daughter to the supermarket and get the karapuza to make purchases. However, to organize a "store" to consolidate the skills of an oral account is possible and at home. In the process of the game simulate payment for the perfect purchases, but do not use real money. For children at such an early age, candy wrappers, sweets or large buttons will be an excellent alternative to banknotes and coins.
When the child will remember numbers from 1 to 5 and will be able to count a small number of different subjects, go smoothly to the study of numbers from 6 to 10. As a rule, there also does not arise any difficulties, because kids easily and quickly learn the whole sequence of figures from the top ten.
Meanwhile, to teach a child to consider two-digit numbers, such as eleven, twelve, thirteen, and so on, can be very difficult. For this, it is necessary to explain the youngster how the numbers from the second dozen are formed, and why they are called so, and not otherwise.
To do this as quickly as possible, lay ten counting sticks in a row in front of the baby and explain that in ancient times a similar figure was called "dtsat." After that, put one more stick on top. Together with your child, count the number of items on the table and show the crumbs how the name of the received number was formed - "one-on-one". Adding one stick, gradually explain to the child the mechanism of formation of the names of the following numbers, from twelve to nineteen.
How to teach a child to count up to 100 correctly?
After the child learns to count to 20, he should be introduced to the mechanism of education of a dozen - "two-dtsat" and "three-dtsat." To do this, you can use the same blocks of counting sticks that the baby has met before. The number of "forty" is an exception, and this must be explained to the crumb at the very beginning of the learning process.
The names of "round" numbers from 50 to 80 also have the same mechanism of formation, and it is also very easy to demonstrate on the example of blocks of counting sticks. Lastly, it is necessary to explain to the child, from where the word "ninety" appeared.
As a rule, after this, to teach the child to count tens and units is not difficult. Seeing the visual material before your eyes, the kid will quickly figure out what kind of principle the figures are located in this way, and not otherwise, and will learn how to use them in the process of games and classes. Various examples with counting sticks will help teach the child to count both in direct and reverse order, and will also facilitate the development of simple mathematical operations.