Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee joint is the most progressive and effective method of diagnosing diseases that occur in this area of the human body. That is why when you have testimonies to conduct this study, you must immediately go through it.
Indications for MRI of the knee
MRI of the knee joint is a procedure based on the interaction of radio waves and the magnetic field, as a result of which detailed images of the knee are obtained (even bundles, cartilages and other connective tissues are visible on them). If you have a choice - to do an MRI or CT of the knee joint, choose the first one, since in many cases this kind of research gives more information about the tissues and organs of the patient than the CT scan.
Indications for MRI of the knee are:
- Knee tumors;
- installation of implants;
- collection of fluid in the knee;
- complete or partial blocking of the joint;
- damage or rupture of muscle or ligament;
- edema, pain and / or knee instability;
- upcoming surgical intervention in ligaments;
- Baker's cyst ;
- rupture or damage to the cartilage;
- fracture of the knee;
- injuries of the joint capsule;
- reconstruction or arthroscopy of ligaments;
- pinching of tendons or nerve endings;
- degenerative processes (diagnostics).
MRI of the knee joint determines both fresh and old injuries.
How do the MRI of the knee joint?
Some patients are afraid to do such a study, because they do not know how the MRI of the knee joint passes. But do not worry. The procedure is simple, painless and absolutely safe for the patient! He is laid on his back, on a movable soft platform and fixed the joint so that it is in one position. The device, called the coil, is placed above the knee or "turns around" completely around it. The table with the patient during the MRI of the knee joint is moved in a small space where the magnet is located. If the device for magnetic resonance tomography of an open type, then the magnet does not completely cover the whole body, but moves around the knee. The duration of the study takes 10-20 minutes. The action of the waves is directed strictly on the knee, therefore the contraindication procedure practically has.
Before the MRI of the knee joint is made, the patient must necessarily change into special clothes and check the presence of metal or other objects with magnetic properties. These can be glasses, earrings or other jewelry. They need to be removed and left in the dressing room.
What does the MRI picture show?
After the procedure, the patient immediately receives a picture of the MRI of the knee joint and 3D graphics on the disk. These are preliminary results of the study. But the full transcript can be ready as on the same day, so for several days, because in complex cases, several experts need to "read" the picture.Independently to see what shows his MRI of the knee joint and about the presence of what disease it says, the patient will not be able to.
The norm of MRI of the knee joint is a normal condition
Deviations from the norm are:
- inflammation of the joints and other typical signs of arthritis;
- bone fractures or other trauma;
- accumulation of fluid in the joint;
- thickening or rupture of the tendon;
- presence of neoplasm;
- rupture of ligament or meniscus.