Pear - planting and care

The taste of the fragrant pear is known to us from childhood. Dense with sourness, juicy and soft, yellow and sweetish with a red cask - for everyone there is an ideal combination of taste. Not surprisingly, almost all summer residents try to try to grow several different varieties on the site, pick them up according to the terms of maturation and the characteristics of the fetus, adaptation to the region and complexity in care. Anyway, and the basic rules for caring for a young pear are approximately the same, we'll discuss them below.

Planting pear seedlings

First of all, let's look at how to properly plant this culture and the features of the process itself.

  1. The place for disembarkation should be sunny, without a shadow, and spacious. The work begins in spring and in autumn, but most "seasoned" still prefer the autumn option.
  2. After choosing a location, you should prepare the ground. Approximately from the second half of August, the digging of soil and the introduction of nutrient mixtures begin in it. For planting and caring for a pear at a rate of one square meter, depending on the type of soil on the site, make compost, superphosphate and potassium salt.
  3. Land under the landing is prepared, now go to the planting material. In order for the spent forces and care to justify themselves, the pear seedlings must be one- or two-year old. Be sure to review the root system when purchasing, the tree itself should be strong and at the same time elastic.
  4. Before planting, dig a little bit more of the root system of the seedling. A prerequisite for good results when planting a pear and care for it is looseness and high-quality air exchange of the soil. To the tree properly formed, we recede from the center of the pit about 30 cm and install there col. After the landing, this stake should rise about 70 cm above the ground.
  5. When everything is done, the seedling is carefully lowered into the planting pit, so that the root neck is approximately 6 cm above the ground level. All roots are straightened and immediately fall asleep with the land in which it was purchased.
  6. Then we fall asleep all the soil, trample down, water and mulch.
  7. The distance from the planting of pears depends on the variety . For varieties with a round shape of the crown this is about 7 m, flat shape is enough 5 m.

Care of the pear after planting

The first and most difficult stage in the cultivation and care of the pear is completed. To ensure that efforts have not been in vain, you should properly monitor the planting. First of all do not forget about watering. If your region is dry in summer and there is little rainfall in a year, it will often be watered. Preferably use the method of sprinkling or spraying. Some gardeners simply dig a ditch near a tree and let the water in there. But in any case the water supply should not be sharp, but very smooth, otherwise the roots will wash away.

One of the most important items for caring for a pear after planting is considered to be its pruning. Seedling, which was planted during the year, is cut in spring approximately 50 cm from the ground. This will give an opportunity to develop the crown from those branches that are low situated. If your seedling was two years old, it is likely that in spring it will be necessary to remove competing vertical shoots.

There is an opinion that growing and caring for pears and apples are very close. To some extent this is true, but the pear is more prone to frost. It is necessary to sprinkle the bottom with snow. Still it is possible to pour the soil in autumn and cover the roots and the bottom of the trunk by about 30 cm.

In the autumn period, watch out for rodents on the site. They like to gnaw on the trunk of a tree, because experienced dacha people recommend wrapping its bottom with thick paper. Another important point is the loosening of the earth. The fact is that the root system of young trees is weak, so that the trunks are constantly loosening and fertilizing.