Intimate hygiene in women requires special attention. Due to the anatomical features of the structure, the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the reproductive system occurs frequently. One of the symptoms is an unpleasant odor from the vagina, the causes of which are not always known.
The smell of discharge is normal for women
Daily discharge from the vagina does not normally have a color or whitish hue. They are always transparent, and their volume can vary depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. As for the smell, it is almost imperceptible. Some very sensitive women can notice the sourish shade of it - this is the normal smell of excretions in women.
The basis of the microflora of the vagina of a healthy girl is lactic acid bacteria - lactobacilli (Dederlein's sticks). Immediately they make the environment in the vagina acidic, because of which the discharge has a corresponding smell (sour milk). Normally, it is elusive and almost invisible. Changes in the environment of the vagina, the development of pathologies cause the appearance of unpleasant odors, the nature of which can be assumed to be a type of disorder.
Smell from the vagina - causes
When, with general well-being and normal state of health, an unpleasant odor from the vagina suddenly appears, the causes of this phenomenon may be associated with infection or inflammation in the reproductive system. Such pathological processes are often accompanied by a change in the vaginal microflora: the number of beneficial bacteria decreases sharply, and pathogenic - increases. In most cases, the smell from the vagina has a more intense coloring in the morning hours, after a night's sleep. In this case, by its nature, you can determine the type of pathology:
- bacterial vaginitis ;
- urogenital candidiasis;
- gardnerellez ;
- vaginitis ;
- dysbiosis of the vagina.
The smell of fish from the vagina
If you suspect a disease, referring to a gynecologist, women can make complaints about fishy odor from the vagina. This symptom is one of the leading on such a pathology as gardnerellez. The causative agent of the disease is the gardnerella - a microorganism capable of producing specific enzymes that interact with sperm proteins and contribute to the creation of polyamines. These compounds decompose form cadaverine - it causes an unpleasant odor from the vaginal cavity. Among the causes of this kind of pathology:
- decreased local immunity;
- the period of menopause ;
- frequent abortions in anamnesis;
- malignancy of the vaginal mucosa;
- intestinal dysbiosis;
- violation of the rules of intimate hygiene ;
- frequent change of sexual partners.
The smell of onion from the vagina
Isolation in women with onion odor in most cases is a sign of reproduction of fungal microflora. A characteristic distinctive feature of the pathology is the tendency to increase unpleasant odors from the sexual organs after sexual intercourse. Similar can be noted and with hormonal bursts in the female body, which always accompany menstruation, menopause, pregnancy and even stressful situations. To accurately determine the type of pathogen, you need to turn to a gynecologist and undergo examinations.
The smell of urine from the vagina
The smell of urine from the inguinal area is observed frequently. This phenomenon is due to the proximity of the urethra. When urinating a few drops of urine can penetrate into the vagina, causing then a corresponding odor. In addition, often this is observed in women with incontinence, with weakening of the walls of the bladder. In such cases, involuntary leakage of urine occurs during coughing, laughing, and actions leading to an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. This causes an unpleasant odor from the vagina without discharge.
Allocations in women with a smell of ammonia may indicate diabetes. With this pathology, a large number of ketone bodies accumulate in the tissues. Directly these substances and give a smell to vaginal secretions, the character, consistency and volume of which remain unchanged. For an accurate diagnosis is required to undergo examination:
- blood test for sugar level;
- Analysis of urine;
- smears from the vagina.
However, the odor of acetone in vydeleny can appear in other situations:
- Lack of fluid in the body, which increases the concentration of urine.
- Compliance with a diet high in protein foods.
- Diseases of the urinary system.
Discharge in women with an acidic odor
Discharge in women with odor, reminiscent of sour milk, may indicate a mixture of pH. The acidic environment in the vagina is a variant of the norm and does not require correction. Sour odor from the vagina is observed for a short time, and disappears after several hygienic procedures. If it is accompanied by other symptoms, in the form of burning, itching redness of the vulva - it is necessary to see a doctor.
Purulent discharge in women with odor
As noted above, in most cases, with the development of infection, vaginal discharge with odor appears, the causes of which are directly related to the vital activity of pathological microorganisms. Often, the smell is associated with the appearance of purulent discharge, which is a symptom of sexual infections. One of them is trichomoniasis. With the development of pathology, the patient is recorded the appearance of secretions of yellow or green, foaming character. Among other symptoms of pathology:
- painful sensations during sexual intercourse;
- difficulty urinating, pain.
Over time, the amount of secretion may decrease, but this does not mean that the woman is healthy. The pathogen is retained in the vaginal cavity and, once immunity is weakened, it again makes itself known. Trichomoniasis is characterized by long-term treatment, the possibility of relapse. To exclude it, treatment begins with the first signs.
Excretion in women with a yeast smell
The smell from the vagina, which is very similar to yeast, is a symptom of candida infection. The disease is provoked by a fungus. At its development the woman observes occurrence of plentiful vydeleny from a vagina which in due course are condensed. The disease is accompanied by severe itching and burning in the perineal region. As the fungus multiplies, the products of its life begin to emerge from the vagina - white dense, clumpy discharge in appearance resemble cottage cheese. Treatment of the disease begins with the normalization of the vaginal microflora.
Excretion in women with the smell of garlic
It must be said that the discharge in women with an unpleasant odor is not a pathology and is considered as one of the many symptoms of gynecological diseases. Many women periodically record an unpleasant odor from the vagina, the reasons for the appearance of which can hide in the features of the diet. Change the usual menu, the inclusion of new dishes in the diet can negatively affect the vaginal discharge.
So, the smell of garlic can be given to the physiological secretions from the vagina itself this product, eaten the day before. The substances contained in it can be removed together with sweat and other body fluids. The area of the vagina is densely provided with secretory glands, from which an unpleasant odor can emerge. The situation is resolved after a thorough toilet of the external genitalia.
Excretion in women with a smell of iron
A bad smell from the vagina, reminiscent of iron, may indicate the presence of blood in the secretions. The norm is when it occurs during menstruation and disappears with its termination. If a woman notices the appearance of an iron odor in the middle of the menstrual cycle, this may indicate erosion of the cervix. This disease is characterized by a mucosal layer disruption, on the surface of which appear small ulcers. A characteristic symptom of the disease is brownish, uninvolved discharge from the vaginal cavity after sexual intercourse.
How to get rid of the smell from the vagina
After the cause is determined, the doctors decide how to remove the odor from the vagina. Medications are prescribed in accordance with the diagnosis. Self-administration of medicines is unacceptable and can only exacerbate the situation. If the odor is not associated with pathology, physicians can recommend the use of special creams, gels, suppositories, aerosols. In most cases, therapy reduces to the use of local drugs:
In the case when the smell is only a symptom of infection in the reproductive system, use antibacterial drugs and antiseptics: