Endometrium is an internal layer of the uterus, which plays an important role in the onset of pregnancy and maintaining it for 16 weeks until the placenta is formed. The pathology of the endometrium is one of the most common causes of infertility.
Thin endometrium: what are its causes?
Endometrium is an internal layer of the uterus, which consists of a basal and functional layer. The thickness of the basal layer is constant, and the functional layer grows monthly under the influence of sex hormones. If there is no fertilization, then the functional layer is torn away and released along with menstruation.
Sufficient for the onset of pregnancy is the thickness of the endometrium of 7 mm. The most common reasons why the endometrium does not reach the required thickness are:
- lack of sex hormones, which inhibit the growth of the functional layer of the endometrium;
- the cause of a thin layer of the endometrium can be frequent abortions;
- chronic inflammatory diseases of female genital organs can inhibit the growth of the endometrium;
- a thin endometrium of the uterus may be a consequence of her poor blood supply.
Signs of a thin endometrium
The optimal thickness of the endometrium, which contributes to the conception and development of pregnancy, is 7 mm. If the thickness of the endometrium is less than 7 mm, the chances of becoming pregnant drop sharply, and if conception does occur, the risk of spontaneous abortion at an early pregnancy is high. Increase the functional endometrium with the help of sex hormones progesterone, for example, dyufastone.
As you can see, a sufficient thickness of the endometrium is a necessary condition for the onset and retention of pregnancy. The signs of a thin endometrium are determined by performing an ultrasound study, which is carried out in the second phase of the menstrual cycle.